The films are not listed in chronological order, since they were not really related to each other in any way. For much the same reason, normal human beings can rarely pull off the ankle sock-and-sandal look with summer dresses. There were a total of nine Italian films that featured Ursus as the main character, listed below as follows: The classic Dior peplum, of , was at its most elegant when worn with a pencil skirt in this length.
References in periodicals archive? Wear them with clashing accessories but be a sweetie and don't try matching your shoe colour to your bag! The Alexander McQueen suit jacket gives a nod to the feminine peplum trend which has been around for a few seasons now, while the feather headpiece adds a vintage and quirky twist to the outfit.
Whether it be skin—tight, frilled with peplum detail or a fishtail hem, there are plenty of styles to suit you. Pencil sharp; With a style for everyone, slip into a slinky skirt for some instant glamour; Fashionista. Kim looked entirely comfortable with her new fuller figure in a white double peplum frilled cocktail dress as she posed on the red carpet but it appeared to be bulging in all the wrong places.
Peplum and pencil styles work a treat together as they highlight the waist to create a ladylike silhouette. Work that pencil; It's the sexiest skirt known to women of all ages, the pencil is back! From feminine florals to retro dogtooth prints the pencil skirt should be one of the must have items in your wardrobe for autumn We show you how to work it in style.. The Maciste character appeared in at least two dozen Italian silent films from through , all of which featured a protagonist named Maciste although the films were set in many different time periods and geographical locations.
Here is a complete list of the silent Maciste films in chronological order:. The Italian film industry released several historical films in the early sound era, such as the big-budget Scipione l'Africano Scipio Africanus: The Defeat of Hannibal in In , the postwar Italian film industry remade Fabiola which had been previously filmed twice in the silent era.
The film was released in the United Kingdom and in the United States in in an edited, English-dubbed version. During the s, a number of American historical epics shot in Italy were released.
In , MGM producer Sam Zimbalist cleverly used the lower production costs, use of frozen funds and the expertise of the Italian film industry to shoot the large-scale epic Quo Vadis in Rome. In addition to its fictional account linking the Great Fire of Rome , the Persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire and Emperor Nero , the film - following the novel "Quo vadis" by the Polish writer Henryk Sienkiewicz - featured also a mighty protagonist named Ursus Italian filmmakers later made several pepla in the s exploiting the Ursus character.
Unlike Quo Vadis , there were no American actors or production crew. The Anthony Quinn film Attila directed by Pietro Francisci in , the Kirk Douglas epic Ulysses co-directed by an uncredited Mario Bava in and Helen of Troy directed by Robert Wise with Sergio Leone as an uncredited second unit director in were the first of the big peplum films of the s. To cash in on the success of the Kirk Douglas film Ulysses , Pietro Francisci planned to make a film about Hercules , but searched unsuccessfully for years for a physcially convincing yet experienced actor.
His daughter spotted American bodybuilder Steve Reeves in the American film Athena and he was hired to play the mighty demigod when the film was made in The genre's instantaneous growth began with the U. American producer Joseph E. Levine acquired the U. DeMille 's Samson and Delilah , and literally dozens of imitations that followed in their wake. Italian filmmakers resurrected their s Maciste character in a brand new s sound film series — , followed rapidly by Ursus, Samson, Goliath, Sandokan and various other mighty-muscled heroes.
In the formulaic plots common to many of the films, two women vied for the affection of the bodybuilder hero: The films often featured an ambitious ruler who would ascend the throne by murdering whomever stood in his path, and often it was only the muscular hero who could depose him. Most of the films involved an impending clash between two warring populations, one civilized and the other evilly barbaric. Thus many pepla begin with the scene of a peaceful, defenseless village being burned to the ground by a wild barbarian horde.
For their musical content, most films contained a well-choreographed belly-dancing sequence or a colorful ballet, meant to underline the pagan decadence of the villains. The contrived plots, poorly overdubbed dialogue , novice acting skills of the bodybuilder leads, and primitive special effects that were often inadequate to depict the mythological creatures on screen all conspire to give these films a certain camp appeal now.
To be sure, however, many of the films enjoyed widespread popularity among general audiences, and had production values that were typical for popular films of their day. Some films included frequent reuse of the impressive film sets that had been created for Ben-Hur and Cleopatra. Although many of the bigger budget pepla were released theatrically in the USA, fourteen of them were released directly to Embassy Pictures television in a syndicated TV package called The Sons of Hercules.
The movies were made into a series of sorts by splicing on the same opening and closing theme song and newly designed voice-over narration that desperately attempted to link the protagonist of each film to the Hercules mythos, since few American viewers had a familiarity with Italian film heroes such as Maciste or Ursus.
These films ran on Saturday afternoons in the s. Often ridiculed for their low budgets and bad English dubbing, several of them have been subjects for the Mystery Science Theater treatment. A series of 19 Hercules movies were made in Italy in the late '50s and early '60s. The films were all sequels to the successful Steve Reeves peplum Hercules , and each film was a stand-alone story not connected to the others. In a interview Reeves said he felt his two Hercules films couldn't be topped by the post sequels, so he declined to do any more Hercules films.
The films are listed below by their American release titles, and the titles in parentheses are their original Italian titles with an approximate English translation. Dates shown are the original Italian theatrical release dates, not necessarily the U. A number of English-dubbed Italian films that featured the Hercules name in their titles were never intended to be Hercules films by their Italian creators None of these films in their original Italian versions involved the Hercules character in any way.
Likewise, most of the Sons of Hercules movies shown on American TV in the s had nothing to do with Hercules in their original Italian incarnations.
There were a total of 25 Maciste films from the s peplum craze not counting the two dozen silent Maciste films made in Italy pre Unlike the other Italian peplum protagonists, Maciste found himself in a variety of time periods ranging from the Ice Age to 16th Century Scotland. Maciste was never given an origin, and the source of his mighty powers was never revealed. However, in the first film of the s series, he mentions to another character that the name "Maciste" means "born of the rock" almost as if he was a god who would just appear out of the earth itself in times of need.
One of the s silent Maciste films was actually entitled "The Giant from the Dolomite", hinting that Maciste may be more god than man, which would explain his great strength. The first title listed for each film is the film's original Italian title along with its English translation, while the U.
Note how many times Maciste's name in the Italian title is altered to an entirely different name in the American title:. In , the Spanish cult film director Jesus Franco directed two low-budget "Maciste films" for French producers: The films had almost identical casts, both starring Val Davis as Maciste, and appear to have been shot back-to-back.
The former was distributed in Italy as a "Karzan" movie a cheap Tarzan imitation , while the latter film was released only in France with hardcore inserts as Les Gloutonnes "The Gobblers".
These two films were totally unrelated to the s Italian Maciste series. Following Buddy Baer 's portrayal of Ursus in the classic film Quo Vadis , Ursus was used as a superhuman Roman-era character who became the protagonist in a series of Italian adventure films made in the early s. When the "Hercules" film craze hit in , Italian filmmakers were looking for other muscleman characters similar to Hercules whom they could exploit, resulting in the nine-film Ursus series listed below.
Ursus was referred to as a "Son of Hercules" in two of the films when they were dubbed in English in an attempt to cash in on the then-popular "Hercules" craze , although in the original Italian films, Ursus had no connection to Hercules whatsoever. In the English-dubbed version of one Ursus film retitled Hercules, Prisoner of Evil , Ursus was actually referred to throughout the entire film as "Hercules".
There were a total of nine Italian films that featured Ursus as the main character, listed below as follows: A character named Samson was featured in a series of five Italian peplum films in the s, no doubt inspired by the re-release of the epic Victor Mature film "Samson and Delilah". The character was similar to the Biblical Samson in the third and fifth films only; in the other three, he just appears to be a very strong man not related at all to the Biblical figure.
The titles are listed as follows: The name Samson was also inserted into the U. Samson and the Treasure of the Incas a.
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'peplum.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Peplum definition, a short full flounce or an extension of a garment below the waist, covering the hips. See more. The peplum film (pepla plural), also known as sword-and-sandal, is a genre of largely Italian-made historical or Biblical epics (costume dramas) that dominated the Italian film industry from to , eventually being replaced in by Eurospy films and Spaghetti seebot.ga can be immediately differentiated from the competing Hollywood product by their use of dubbing.